Dandelions are beautiful plants that are recognized by the yellow flower on top of them. However, not many people know that these are perennial weeds that spread their seeds into the air. These seeds travel far and wide, infesting your entire lawn. However, they grow from the roots as well, so you can’t get rid of them if they have scattered seeds all over the lawn.
Let’s look at dandelions in further detail, and also see how you can control their growth in your garden.
Different Stages of Dandelions
The growth cycle of dandelions has three major steps: germination, flowering, and reproduction. First, the white seeds that you find in dandelions fly around with the air. Once they land in suitable growing conditions, this leads to the sprouting of a plant. They then start growing leaves and roots. The entire step from germination to sprouting can take anywhere between 10 to 14 weeks.
This brings us to the next step: flowering. First, the plant grows a stem with a height between 7 and 25 inches. Next, you can see a small flower growing on it, which keeps growing in size. If you think you can remove the flower to stop it from going to the next stage, you can’t be further from the truth. Even if you remove the plant, the dandelion will grow once again.
The next step is reproduction, where the flower starts to grow the little white seeds. This happens without the involvement of pollen, since dandelions are asexual. When the seeds are fully grown, they start to float away from the plant and into the field. This then restarts the growth cycle with the germination process.
Spraying to Remove Dandelions
The only way you can remove dandelions and prevent them from growing again is by spraying broadleaf herbicide on the plant. The best time to spray this substance on the dandelions is when they have completed the germination process and have sprouted into a small plant with leaves.
Most people spray their dandelions when they have bloomed, which is usually in the month of September. However, if you want to spray the plants in springtime, do it in May or when the temperature exceeds 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
The perfect conditions for spraying herbicide on dandelions include dry weather conditions with little or no winds, as well as no chance of rain for the next 72 hours. In place of broadleaf herbicide, you may use herbicides that have triclopyr, sulfentrazone, or carfentrazone among their ingredients. Make sure to hold the nozzle close to the plants, so that you don’t kill any other plants you may have in your lawn.
By spraying your dandelions with herbicide, you will be able to remove them from the roots, and prevent their growth every year. However, if you don’t spray them on time, you will soon have a lawn full of them. However, they keep growing back every year, thus making it difficult for you to maintain your garden in the long run.
This brings us to the end of our guide on controlling dandelions. By using the above information, you will be able to control or prevent their growth. Make sure to keep your lawn clean and healthy, so that dandelions or any other weeds can’t make their way in.